New Alternatives to Traditional Developmental Education Practices

Boylan, H. R. (1999). Exploring alternatives to remediation. Journal of Developmental Education, 22(3), 2-4, 6, 8, 10. Retrieved July 4, 2004, from:
The article addresses issues related to the cost and time investment of providing remedial courses to college students and offers an overview of possible alternatives. Some criticisms of developmental education are examined and countered with evidence from research. Frequently employed current practices are outlined. More recent alternative approaches to course delivery and student support services are then reviewed, and their application to at-risk student needs is discussed. Recommendations for the actual implementation of alternatives are included. In addition to traditional approaches, developmental educators and developmental programs currently provide a variety of more innovative alternatives. Examples of these alternatives include freshmen seminar/orientation courses (Upcraft, Gardner, & Associates, 1989), Supplemental Instruction (Martin & Arendale, 1994), paired or adjunct courses (Commander, Stratton, Callahan, & Smith, 1996), collaborative learning communities (Tinto, 1997), and critical thinking courses and programs (Chaffee, 1992).